The Medical Science
The exact causes of dyslexia are not completely clear, but anatomical and brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a dyslexic person develops and functions.
Most people with dyslexia have been found to have problems with identifying separate speech sounds within a word and how letters represent these sounds.
Dyslexia is not a lack of intelligence or desire to learn. It’s more like a case of cross-wiring. With the right teaching methods, dyslexics can learn successfully.
According to the International Dyslexia Association, as many as 15 to 20% of the population have some of the symptoms of dyslexia, including slow or inaccurate reading, poor spelling, poor writing or mixing up similar words. Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds and levels of intelligence.
Dyslexia runs in families: dyslexic parents are very likely to have children who are dyslexic. The impact is different for each person. Some dyslexics learn early reading and spelling tasks, especially with excellent instruction, but later experience debilitating problems when more complex language skills are required: grammar, understanding textbook material and writing essays.
Dyslexia can affect a person’s self-image. Students often end up feeling “dumb” and less capable than they actually are. Stressed due to academic problems, a student may become discouraged about school. Parents, too, feel anxiety about homework time and what’s happening to their child.
Early identification and treatment is key to helping dyslexics achieve in school and life. Treatment comes from a tutor specially-trained in using a multisensory, structured language approach.